Msg no. Jan. 21 Stonewall Jackson

Stonewall Jackson

Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson, one of Robert E. Lee’s most outstanding generals in the Army of Northern Virginia, was born in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia), on January 21, 1824.

Orphaned at a young age, Jackson spent much of his childhood moving between the homes of various family members. In 1842, he was awarded an appointment to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. A commissioned officer during the Mexican War, he served as a second lieutenant of artillery, was promoted to first lieutenant, and later won brevets to captain and major.

 


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Msg no. Jan. 20 Inaugurations

Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Inauguration

On January 20, 1937, Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. president sworn into office in January. It was his second of four inaugurations; the first had been held fours years earlier on March 4, 1933. Roosevelt’s first inauguration had been shadowed by the onset of the Great Depression—within a week of taking office, the new president had declared a federal bank holiday.

Kennedy’s Inauguration

On January 20, 1961, John F. Kennedy distinguished his inaugural ceremony with a poetry reading by fellow New Englander Robert Frost. Blinded by the sun’s glare on the snow-covered Capitol grounds, Frost found himself unable to read the poem he had prepared. Instead, he recited The Gift Outright from memory, his words moving many. Dedication, the poem Frost intended to read at the Kennedy inauguration, is featured in the online collection Words and Deeds in American History. The Gift Outright can be found in the Imagination section of the Library’s American Treasures exhibition.

 


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Msg no. Jan. 19 Edgar Allan Poe

No writer has the ability to evoke a sense of horror and dread more effectively than Edgar Allan Poe, born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. Poe’s parents were actors. Their brilliant and unstable son grew up to be a romantic poet, a master of macabre tales, the originator of the modern detective story, and an acute literary critic, editor, and journalist. Orphaned at age two, Poe grew up in the Richmond, Virginia External home of a childless couple, merchant John Allan and his wife Frances. His foster parents treated him well, though Frances was Poe’s primary source of affection. Allan paid for Poe’s education at schools in England and in Virginia. Poe showed an early gift for language and Allan enrolled him in the University of Virginia in February 1826.

 


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Msg no. Jan. 18 The Paris Peace Conference

On January 18, 1919, a few months after the end of World War I, leaders from the Allied nations began a series of discussions that became known as the Paris Peace Conference to settle issues raised by the war and its aftermath. Preceded by a series of armistices in September, October, and November 1918, that ended World War I, the Paris Peace Conference brought together representatives from the victorious nations. Russia had withdrawn from the fighting and was not invited. Because Allied leaders held Germany responsible for the war, German leaders attended only the conclusion of the discussions.

 


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Msg no. Jan. 17 Franklin & Cable Cars

Benjamin Franklin, the Pragmatic Innovator

Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts, but his adopted home was Philadelphia, the largest city in eighteenth-century America. His many accomplishments as printer, scientist, and statesman are particularly remarkable when considered in the context of colonial North America. A spirit of pragmatic innovation imbued all of Franklin’s intellectual, social, and scientific pursuits. He dedicated himself to the improvement of everyday life for the widest number of people and, in so doing, made an indelible mark on the emerging nation.

Cable Cars

On January 17, 1871, San Franciscan Andrew Smith Hallidie   External patented an improved “Endless Wire Ropeway”, a key component in the construction of the first cable car system that ultimately spared many horses the excruciating work of moving people over San Francisco’s steep roadways. Hallidie devised a grip mechanism by which cars were drawn along an endless cable running in a slot between the rails.

 


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Msg no. Jan. 16 Basketball & Arts

Chicago Dunks Iowa!

On January 16, 1896, Henry F. Kallenberg, an instructor of physical education at the University of Iowa, welcomed Amos Alonzo Stagg, athletic director at the recently founded University of Chicago, to Iowa City for an experimental game in a new sport. The contest, refereed by Kallenberg, was the first unofficial college basketball game played with five players on each side. The University of Chicago won by a score of 15 to 12.

Hello, Dolly!

“She is glorious,” theater critic Walter Kerr raved about Carol Channing’s January 16, 1964, debut in Hello, Dolly! Wearing a carrot-colored wig, her large eyes accentuated with false eyelashes, the actress and comedienne sparkled in the role of Dolly Gallagher Levi—a widow brazenly intent upon remarrying into money. Hello, Dolly!, a musical adaptation of Thornton Wilder’s play The Matchmaker, received ten Tony awards, including Best Actress in a Musical for Channing’s performance. It was also named best musical of the 1963-64 season by the New York Drama Critics Circle.

 


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Msg no. Jan. 15 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., twentieth-century America’s most compelling and effective civil rights leader, was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. After entering Morehouse College at age fifteen, King followed his father and grandfather into the Baptist ministry. He received a bachelor of divinity from Crozer Theological Seminary in 1951 and a Ph.D from Boston University in 1955.

 


Welcome to the United States Public Health Service EMA Emergency Management Agency.  Mass media is in a  state of emergency for political news and general information.